Urzd Miasta Torunia City of Toru Council (in Polish). During the Napoleonic era the mayor was called Maire, and there was also a city council. The Jewish community was persecuted, and many of its members met their deaths in the concentration camps.
Göttingen's traders also profited from the important trade route between Lübeck and Frankfurt am Main. Third Reich era edit During the 1930s, Göttingen housed the top math-physics faculty in the world, led by eight men, almost all Jews, who became known as the Göttingen eight. Albert II attempted to gain further control over the economically and politically rapidly growing town by founding a new town ( German : Neustadt ) west of the original town, across the Leine Canal and outside of the Groner City Gate. In retaliation, Otto destroyed villages and farms in the town's surroundings. Michael Church After the Middle Ages, the area of Göttingen was part of the archbishopric of Mainz, and most of the population were Roman Catholic. 4 The synagogue in Göttingen was destroyed during Kristallnacht on 9 November 1938. The council election took place on the Mondays following Michaelmas (September 29).
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